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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/24105

Title: The twenty-first century Arctic environment: accelerating change in the atmospheric, oceanic and terrestrial spheres
Authors: Hodgkins, Richard
Keywords: Arctic
Climate change
Arctic amplification
Sea ice
Permafrost
Cryosphere
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons (© Royal Geographical Society with the Institute of British Geographers)
Citation: HODGKINS, R., 2014. The twenty-first century arctic environment: accelerating change in the atmospheric, oceanic and terrestrial spheres. Geographical Journal, 180 (4), pp.429-436.
Abstract: The Arctic possesses distinctive environmental characteristics that act as strong, positive feedbacks on atmospheric warming; in fact, it is almost uniquely susceptible to rapid change brought about through climate warming from both natural and anthropogenic sources. The aim of this commentary is to outline recent and probable future environmental changes in the Arctic. It commences with a consideration of rates of change through the satellite era in air temperatures, sea ice extent, snow cover and the state of balance of the Greenland Ice Sheet. This is subsequently set against fluctuations over previous centuries and millennia. From this observational basis, the commentary moves on to consider factors which particularly amplify rates of change in high northern latitudes, before addressing further feedbacks which may become important, and how Arctic changes may proceed up to the year 2100.
Description: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: HODGKINS, R., 2014. The twenty-first century arctic environment: accelerating change in the atmospheric, oceanic and terrestrial spheres. Geographical Journal, 180 (4), pp.429-436, which has been published in final form at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/geoj.12112. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
Version: Accepted for publication
DOI: 10.1111/geoj.12112
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/24105
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/geoj.12112
ISSN: 0016-7398
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Geography)

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