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Title: A novel industrial technique for recycling ethylene-propylene-diene waste rubber
Authors: Mohaved, Saeed Ostad
Ansarifar, Ali
Nezhad, Sakineh Karbalaee
Atharyfar, Sepideh
Keywords: EPDM waste powder
Devulcanization
Autoclave
Chemicals
Oils
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: © Elsevier
Citation: MOHAVED, S.O. ...et al., 2015. A novel industrial technique for recycling ethylene-propylene-diene waste rubber. Polymer Degradation and Stability, 111, pp. 114-123.
Abstract: © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.Recycling waste rubber has gained importance in recent years. Ethylene-propylene-diene rubber (EPDM) is used to manufacture various automotive parts. Reclaiming EPDM rubber waste is a major problem. Waste powder from discarded EPDM automotive parts was devulcanized using an industrial autoclave which provided both heating and high pressure steam. To aid the devulcanization process, 2-mercaptobenzothiazoledisulfide (MBTS) and tetramethylthiuram disulfide (TMTD) devulcanizing agents, and aromatic and aliphatic oils were also used. A portion of the virgin EPDM rubber in a common formulation for the automotive rubber strips was replaced with the devulcanized product to produce blends, which were revulcanized using a semi-efficient (SEV) vulcanization system. The viscosity, cure and mechanical properties of the blends were subsequently determined. This study showed that the oils had different effects on the devulcanization of the waste powder and MBTS was more efficient than TMTD. Replacing 60 wt% of the virgin rubber in the automotive rubber strips with the devulcanized powder had no adverse effect on the scorch and optimum cure times, crosslink density, rate of cure, and viscosity. Also, when 20 wt% of the virgin rubber was replaced, the hardness, compression set, and modulus at 20% elongation were unaffected. It was concluded that the reclaimed rubber could be used in low percentage in order not to extremely deteriorate the mechanical properties of the virgin rubber. This provided a new effective recycling route for the waste EPDM powder in the automotive rubber strips.
Description: This paper was accepted for publication in the journal Polymer Degradation and Stability and the definitive published version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2014.11.003
Version: Accepted for publication
DOI: 10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2014.11.003
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/24455
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2014.11.003
ISSN: 0141-3910
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Materials)

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