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Title: What are the facilitators and obstacles to participation in workplace team sport? A qualitative study
Authors: Brinkley, Andrew
Freeman, Josie
McDermott, Hilary
Munir, Fehmidah
Keywords: Barriers
Enablers
Organisational
Physical activity
Tailoring
Template analysis
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: © The Authors. Published by AIMS Publications
Citation: BRINKLEY, A. ...et al., 2017. What are the facilitators and obstacles to participation in workplace team sport? A qualitative study. AIMS Public Health, 4(1), pp. 94-126.
Abstract: Working age adults are failing to meet physical activity recommendations. Inactive behaviours are increasing costs for diminished individual and organisational health. The workplace is a priority setting to promote physical activity, however there is a lack of evidence about why some employees choose to participate in novel workplace activities, such as team sport, whilst others do not. The aim of this study was to explore the complexity of facilitators and obstacles associated with participation in workplace team sport. Twenty-nine semi-structured face-to-face and telephone interviews were conducted with office workers (58% female) (36 ± 7.71) from manufacturing, public services, and educational services. Data was analysed through template analysis. Five sub-level (i.e., intrapersonal, interpersonal, organisational, community and societal influences) facilitate participation or create obstacles for participants. Participants were challenged by a lack of competence, self-efficacy, negative sporting ideals and amotivation. Unhealthy competition, an unstable work-life balance and unsupportive colleagues created obstacles to participation. An unsupportive organisation and workplace culture placed demands on workplace champions, funding, facilities and communication. Healthy competitions, high perceptions of competence and self-efficacy, and being motivated autonomously enabled participation. Further, relatedness and social support created a physical activity culture where flexible working was encouraged and team sport was promoted in accessible locations within the organisation. Researchers should consider accounting for complexity of these influences. A participatory approach may tailor interventions to individual organisations and the employees that work within them. Interventions whereby autonomy, competence and relatedness are supported are recommended. This may be achieved by adapting sports and training workplace champions.
Description: This is an Open Access Article. It is published by AIMS Publications under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported Licence (CC BY). Full details of this licence are available at: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Version: Published
DOI: 10.3934/publichealth.2017.1.94
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/24460
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.3934/publichealth.2017.1.94
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences)

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