Loughborough University
Leicestershire, UK
LE11 3TU
+44 (0)1509 263171
Loughborough University

Loughborough University Institutional Repository

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/24606

Title: Financial fair play and competitive balance in the Premier League
Authors: Freestone, Christopher John
Manoli, Argyro Elisavet
Keywords: Club football
European football
Football finance
Sport financial management
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: © Emerald Publishing
Citation: FREESTONE, C.J. and MANOLI, A.E., 2017. Financial fair play and competitive balance in the Premier League. Sport, Business, Management: an International Journal, 7(2), pp.175-196.
Abstract: Purpose: The introduction of financial fair play regulations in 2011 was accompanied by criticism that they would have an adverse effect on competitive balance in European football. Counter-points were also expressed, suggesting that the opposite would occur; that they would actually increase competitive balance through reducing the importance of financial power. The lack of clarity and cohesion on this issue prompted this study, which examines the effect FFP has had on competitive balance in the English Premier League. Design: The analysis conducted uses the Herfindahl Index of Competitive Balance as the primary method, and is supported by standard deviation of points analysis and a Scully-Noll ratio analysis, which together provide an indication of the level of competitive balance for each of the past 21 seasons, from 1995/96 to 2015/16. This examination allows for the trends in competitive balance to be identified, with emphasis drawn on the seasons after the introduction of the regulations. Findings: The results provide no indication that FFP regulations have resulted in a decline in competitive balance in the EPL, instead hinting that a positive effect may have been caused. This positive effect exceeds the primary aim of the regulations and underlines their importance in the future stability of club football. Originality/value: While underlining the need for further research on the topic, this study provides the first insights to the effects of FFP regulations on competitive balance in the EPL. These insights would support the view that FFP initiatives have begun to shift the focus of sporting competition away from financial strength towards more natural means of competition such as efficiency, innovation and good management.
Description: This paper is in closed access until 31st Mar 2019
Version: Accepted for publication
DOI: 10.1108/SBM-10-2016-0058
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/24606
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/SBM-10-2016-0058
ISSN: 2042-678X
Appears in Collections:Closed Access (Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences)

Files associated with this item:

File Description SizeFormat
FFP and competitive balance_Freestone Manoli.pdfAccepted version393.46 kBAdobe PDFView/Open


SFX Query

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.