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Title: Game-simulation drill design alters the speed profiles of wheelchair rugby players
Authors: Rhodes, James M.
Mason, Barry S.
Paulson, Thomas A.W.
Goosey-Tolfrey, Victoria L.
Keywords: Physical preparation
Classification
Paralympic
Training
Elite athletes
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: © Human Kinetics Publishing as accepted for publication
Citation: RHODES, J.M. ... et al, 2017. Game-simulation drill design alters the speed profiles of wheelchair rugby players. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, In Press.
Abstract: Purpose: This study examined the speed profiles of elite wheelchair rugby (WCR) players during game-simulation training drills of differing player number and shot-clock regulations. A secondary aim was to determine whether the profiles were further influenced by players classification. Methods: Eight elite WCR players (low-point n = 3; high-point n = 5) were monitored using a radio-frequency based, indoor tracking system during training sessions over a 5-month period. Speed profiles were collected for three modified game-simulation drills: i) 3 vs. 3 drills (n = 8 observations); ii) 30-s shot-clock (n = 24 observations) and iii) 15-s shot-clock (n = 16 observations) and were compared with regular game-simulation drills (4 vs. 4, 40-s shot-clock; n = 16 observations). Measures included mean and peak speed, exercise intensity ratios – defined as the ratio of time spent performing at high and low speeds (H:L) and the number of high speed activities performed. Results: Compared to regular game-simulation drills, 3 vs. 3 drills elicited a moderate increase in mean speed (6.3%; effect size [ES] = 0.7) and the number of high speed activities performed (44.1%; ES = 1.1). Minimal changes in speed profiles were observed during the 30-s shot clock, although moderate to large increases in all measures were observed during the 15-s shot-clock drills. Classification-specific differences were further identified, with increased activity observed for high-point players during the 3 vs. 3 drill and for low-point players during the 15-s shot-clock. Conclusion: By reducing the number of players on court and the shot-clock to 15-s coaches can significantly increase the speed profiles of elite WCR players during game-simulation drills.
Description: This paper was accepted for publication in the journal International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance and the definitive published version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2016-0700
Version: Accepted for publication
DOI: 10.1123/ijspp.2016-0700
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/24652
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2016-0700
ISSN: 1555-0273
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences)

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