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Title: Relationships of leisure-time and non-leisure-time physical activity with depressive symptoms: a population-based study of Taiwanese older adults.
Authors: Chen, Li-Jung
Stevinson, Clare
Ku, Po-Wen
Chang, Yu-Kai
Chu, Da-Chen
Keywords: Exercise
Depression
Aging
Intensity
Non leisure-time physical activity
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: © The Authors. Published by Biomed Central.
Citation: CHEN, L-J. ...et al., 2012. Relationships of leisure-time and non-leisure-time physical activity with depressive symptoms: a population-based study of Taiwanese older adults.. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 9:28.
Abstract: Background: Limited research has explored the relationship between non-leisure-time physical activity (NLTPA), including domestic and work-related physical activities, with depressive symptoms. This study was designed to elucidate independent associations between leisure-time physical activity (LTPA), NLTPA, and specific parameters of physical activity (frequency, duration and intensity) with depressive symptoms in older adults. Methods: A total of 2,727 persons aged ≥ 65 years participating in the 2005 Taiwan National Health Interview Survey were studied. Depressive symptoms were measured by the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale. Information regarding energy parameters for each type of LTPA and NLTPA during the past 2-week period was analyzed. After adjusting for socio-demographic variables, lifestyle behaviors and health status, multivariate logistic regression models were used to compute adjusted odds ratios (AOR) for LTPA and NLTPA for predicting depressive symptoms. Results: LTPA but not NLTPA was significantly associated with depressive symptoms. Compared with participants expending 2000+ kcal/week through LTPA, the risk of experiencing depressive symptoms was significantly higher for those expending 1-999 kcal/week (AOR = 2.06, 95% CI: 1.25-3.39), and those who expending 0 kcal/week (AOR= 3.72, 95%CI: 2.28-6.06). Among the three parameters of LTPA (intensity, duration and frequency) examined, only intensity was independently associated with depressive symptoms. Conclusions: These findings imply that exercise recommendations for older adults should emphasize the importance of higher intensity activity, rather than frequency or duration, for improved mental well-being. However, well-designed prospective cohort studies or intervention trials are needed to confirm these findings.
Description: This is an Open Access Article. It is published by BioMed Central under the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Unported Licence (CC BY). Full details of this licence are available at: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/
Sponsor: This work was supported by the National Science Council (No.: 98-2410-H-018-034-MY2).
Version: Published
DOI: 10.1186/1479-5868-9-28
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/24793
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1479-5868-9-28
ISSN: 1479-5868
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences)

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