JORDAN, S.J., VIVIAN, A.J. and WOHAR, M.E., 2017. Stock returns forecasting with metals: Sentiment vs. fundamentals. The European Journal of Finance, 24 (6), pp.458-477.
Using six prominent metal commodities, we provide evidence on the out-of-sample forecasting of stock returns for the market indices of the G7 countries, for which there is little prior evidence in this context. We find precious metals (Gold and Silver) can improve forecast accuracy relative to the benchmark and performs well compared to forecast combinations. From an economic gains perspective, forecasting returns provides certainty equivalent gains in a market-timing strategy for the G7 countries. These certainty equivalent gains are large enough to make active portfolio management attractive, even for individual investors. Gains remain after considering reasonable transaction costs.