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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/24848

Title: Testing of unbound materials in the Nottingham Asphalt Tester Springbox
Authors: Edwards, Jonathan Paul
Thom, Nick H.
Fleming, Paul R.
Williams, J.
Issue Date: 2005
Citation: EDWARDS, J.P. ... et al, 2005. Testing of unbound materials in the Nottingham Asphalt Tester Springbox. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 1913, pp.32-40
Abstract: The current trend in mechanistic (analytical) pavement design is to use the mechanistic properties of pavement materials to optimize design. This is compatible with the move toward performance-based specifications and away from traditional empirically based design methods and recipe specifications. Other drivers-such as the Europeanwide adoption of aggregate mixture standards, which no longer differentiate on source, but moves toward sustainable construction-mean that a wide range of recycled, secondary, and primary aggregate sources can potentially be used in highway construction. The requirement for accelerated, performance-based testing is therefore coming to the fore. The U.K. Highways Agency has funded an accelerated testing program across a range of unbound capping and subbase materials. The performance parameters assessed, over a range of moisture and soaking conditions, are resistance to permanent deformation and resilient stiffness. The apparatus used during the unbound mixture assessments is the newly developed Springbox, which uses the standard Nottingham Asphalt Tester loading frame and software. This follows a simplification of the K-mold test and facilitates repeated loading of 170-mm cubic specimens under variable confinement. Samples are compacted into stainless steel liners. If required, samples can then be soaked before placement within the Springbox apparatus for testing. The following are discussed: the aggregate mixture performance parameters being measured, sample preparation procedures, the Springbox equipment and test procedures, a testing program of unbound capping and subbase materials, and results. The performance of the Springbox apparatus is discussed, and conclusions on the relative performance of the aggregates are presented.
Description: The work developed a new laboratory test method for predicting performance of unbound/weakly bound materials for highway foundations. The new test method results have been accepted by the industry and the test has been included in a new national design standard (IAN 73, 2006). The paper is based on J P Edwards EngDoc supervised by Dr Fleming and N Thom (industrial collaborator). This work contributes to Dr Flemings national standing in highway foundation design and assessment. This work is part of Dr Flemings research on performance based specifications for highway foundations, and promoting sustainability and recycling of construction materials.
This paper is closed access.
Version: Closed Access
DOI: 10.3141/1913-04
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/24848
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.3141/1913-04
ISSN: 0361-1981
Appears in Collections:Closed Access (Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering)

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