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Title: Meeting frequency response requirements with uncertain system inertia - A UK perspective
Authors: Forkasiewicz, K.
Coldwell, M.
Cross, A.
Strickland, Dani
Keywords: Frequency control
System inertia
Fast frequency response (FFR)
Enhanced frequency response (EFR)
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: © IEEE
Citation: FORKASIEWICZ, K. ... et al, 2017. Meeting frequency response requirements with uncertain system inertia - A UK perspective. 5th IEEE International Conference on Renewable Energy Research and Applications (ICRERA 2016), Birmingham, UK, 20th-23rd November 2016, pp. 538-543.
Abstract: National Grid has a statutory obligation to manage the frequency between pre-defined limits. If there isn't effective frequency response available then the likelihood of a frequency excursion outside of statutory limits will increase. To this end, National Grid are going to trial enhanced frequency response as a mechanism to assist with frequency control in the light of reducing system inertia. This paper models rapid response as a function of system inertia and proposes that either primary response needs to ramp up more quickly in order to remain effective at low system inertia levels or a faster response time is needed. It has been determined that both these methods are more effective than just increasing the generation held in reserve for frequency response. The outcome of this research supports the growing body of evidence in literature for the procurement of rapid response subject to further research and testing on the UK grid.
Description: © 2016 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.
Version: Accepted for publication
DOI: 10.1109/ICRERA.2016.7884393
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/24984
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ICRERA.2016.7884393
ISBN: 9781509033881
Appears in Collections:Conference Papers and Presentations (Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering)

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