Centre for the Study of Governance Innovation, University of Pretoria
PICCOLINO, G. and MINOU, S., 2014. The EU and regional integration in West Africa: effects on conflict resolution and transformation. (February 1, 2014). University of Pretoria RegioConf Working Paper; 5.
University of Pretoria RegioConf Working Paper;5
This paper focuses on West Africa and examines the role of the European Union (EU) in the
promotion of regional integration in the region. It also addresses the effects of regional integration
on regional conflict transformation, through the lenses of the two main regional organisations: the
Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), and the Union Economique et
Monétaire Ouest Africaine (UEMOA), known in English as the West African Economic and
Monetary Union (WAEMU).
The first section of the paper provides a brief background on the dynamics of conflicts in
West Africa along with their regional dimensions. The paper then presents an overview of the main
regional integration initiatives in the region, illustrating the different sectors of regional integration.
The third section describes the EU activities in the region, examining specifically its policies and
interventions and its support for regional organizations. The final sections provide an assessment of
regionalism and the EU’s impact in West Africa, concluding with some policy recommendations.