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Title: Nonlinear analysis of EEG during NREM sleep reveals changes in functional connectivity due to natural aging
Authors: Terry, John R.
Anderson, Clare
Horne, James A.
Issue Date: 2004
Publisher: © 2004 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Citation: TERRY, J., ANDERSON, C. and HORNE, J.A., 2004. Nonlinear analysis of EEG during NREM sleep reveals changes in functional connectivity due to natural aging. Human Brain Mapping, 23(2), pp.73-84 .
Abstract: The spatial organization of nonlinear interactions between different brain regions during the first NREM sleep stage is investigated. This is achieved via consideration of four bipolar electrode derivations, Fp1F3, Fp2F4, O1P3, O2P4, which are used to compare anterior and posterior interhemispheric interactions and left and right intrahemispheric interactions. Nonlinear interdependence is detected via application of a previously written algorithm, along with appropriately generated surrogate data sets. It is now well understood that the output of neural systems does not scale linearly with inputs received and thus the study of nonlinear interactions in EEG is crucial. This approach also offers significant advantages over standard linear techniques, in that the strength, direction and topography of the interdependencies can all be calculated and considered. Previous research has linked delta activity during the first NREM sleep stage to performance on frontally-activating tasks during wake. In the current paper, it is demonstrated that nonlinear mechanisms are the driving force behind this delta activity. Furthermore, evidence is presented to suggest that the ageing brain calls upon the right parietal region to assist the pre-frontal cortex. This is highlighted by statistically significant differences in the rates of communication between the left pre-frontal cortex and the right parietal region when comparing younger subjects (< 23 years) with older subjects (> 60 years). This assistance has been observed in brain imaging studies of sleep deprived young adults, suggesting that similar mechanisms may play a role in the event of healthy aging. Additionally, the contribution to the delta rhythm via nonlinear mechanisms is observed to be greater in older subjects.
Description: This is a preprint of an article accepted for publication in the journal, Human Brain Mapping. The definitive version is available online from WileyInterScience at: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/jhome/38751
DOI: 10.1002/hbm.20052
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/251
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hbm.20052
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Sleep Research)
Published Articles (Maths)

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