Competition has been considered as an effective means to improve business and
economic competitiveness. However, competition in supply chain management
(SCM) can be viewed as a source of uncertainty. Most recommended collaboration
strategies in SCM literature tend to avoid the emergence of competition inside the
supply chain, but, in reality, these strategies do not lead all supply chains to success.
In addition, from strategic management perspective, these collaboration strategies
are not believed to encourage firms to improve their performance. Both competition
and collaboration are critical issues in achieving business success, but the effect of
both factors on the market has not been explored concurrently in the literature. The
complexity of this issue should be investigated using a comprehensive perspective,
and it is hard to undertake by using an empirical approach. [Continues.]
A Doctoral Thesis. Submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of Doctor of Philosophy of Loughborough University.