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Title: Investigation of the crystallisation and melting of the tripalmitin/triolein system via hot stage microscopy, differential scanning calorimetry and pulsed NMR
Authors: Stewart, David I.
Chong, Peng Siong
Stapley, A.G.F.
Keywords: Polymorphism
Transformation
Growth rate
Nucleation
Hildebrand equation
Supersaturation
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Citation: STEWART, D.I., CHONG, P.S. and STAPLEY, A.G.F., 2017. Investigation of the crystallisation and melting of the tripalmitin/triolein system via hot stage microscopy, differential scanning calorimetry and pulsed NMR. Crystal Growth and Design, 17 (6), pp. 3005-3016.
Abstract: The isothermal crystallization kinetics and melting behavior of mixtures of tripalmitin (PPP) and triolein (OOO) were investigated using hot stage microscopy (HSM), with supporting differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and NMR measurements. Some melting points determined via HSM and DSC were higher than predicted by the Hildebrand equation, but solid fat content melting profiles from NMR were close to ideal predictions. The observed deviations from ideal behavior with HSM/DSC could be attributed to concentration gradients in the liquid phase, rather than from nonideality. Sufficient time should therefore be allowed in melting experiments for diffusional equilibration to occurthe remelting time should generally be longer than the crystallization time. When crystallizing mixed PPP/OOO samples, two distinct polymorphs could be seen in the same “crystal”, with an outer ring of β′ surrounding an inner circle of β. Polymorphic transformation from β′ to β could be seen to occur via dissolution through a narrow liquid interface region between the two crystals. Growth rate data for β′ were proportional to the reduced saturation (or supercooling) calculated assuming ideal behavior. Growth rates of β via the solvent/melt mediated transformation of the β′ form could be related to driving forces based on the difference in solubility of the β′ and β forms.
Description: This is an Open Access article published by ACS and published under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) License, https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Sponsor: D.I.S. would like to thank Nestle and the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) for their financial support.
Version: Published
DOI: 10.1021/acs.cgd.6b01621
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/25408
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.cgd.6b01621
ISSN: 1528-7483
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Chemical Engineering)

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