ERRICHELLO, G., 2012. Foreign workforce in the Arab gulf states (1930–1950): Migration patterns and nationality clause. International Migration Review, Summer, 46(2), pp. 389-413.
The modern migration pattern of international migration in the Arab Gulf States (AGSs) began to take shape with the discovery of oil
resources. The early development of the oil industry in the 1930s became the driving force behind the first organized import of foreign
workers to the oil-producing countries of the AGSs. The historical approach of this article explains the impact that the early oil conces-
sions had on the migration patterns in the AGSs. The nationality clause provoked, not only a circulation of manpower from one
sheikhdom to another and international migration, but also created a segmentation of the labor market on the grounds of nationality