In this thesis, we classify finite orbits of the action of the pure braid group over a certain large open subset of the SL(2,C) character variety of the Riemann sphere with five boundary components, i.e. Σ5. This problem arises in the context of classifying algebraic solutions of the Garnier system G2, that is the two variable analogue of the famous sixth Painleve equation PVI. The structure of the analytic continuation of these solutions is described in terms of the action of the pure braid group on the fundamental group of Σ5. To deal with this problem, we introduce a system of co-adjoint coordinates on a big open subset of the SL(2,C) character variety of Σ5. Our classifica- tion method is based on the definition of four restrictions of the action of the pure braid group such that they act on some of the co-adjoint coordi- nates of Σ5 as the pure braid group acts on the co-adjoint coordinates of the character variety of the Riemann sphere with four boundary components, i.e. Σ4, for which the classification of all finite orbits is known. In order to avoid redundant elements in our final list, a group of symmetries G of the large open subset is introduced and the final classification is achieved modulo the action of G. We present a final list of 54 finite orbits.
A Doctoral Thesis. Submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of Doctor of Philosophy of Loughborough University.