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Title: Experiences of loneliness associated with being an informal caregiver: A qualitative investigation
Authors: Vasileiou, Konstantina
Barnett, Julie
Barreto, Manuela
Vines, John
Atkinson, Mark
Lawson, Shaun
Wilson, Michael
Keywords: Loneliness
Social isolation
Informal caregivers
Qualitative interviews
United Kingdom
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Frontiers Media © The Authors
Citation: VASILEIOU, K. ... et al, 2017. Experiences of loneliness associated with being an informal caregiver: A qualitative investigation. Frontiers in Psychology, 8, Article 585.
Abstract: Although providing care to a family member or friend may provide psychological benefits, informal (i.e., unpaid) caregivers also encounter difficulties which may negatively affect their quality of life as well as their mental and physical health. Loneliness is one important challenge that caregivers face, with this psychological state being associated with morbidity and premature mortality. Although previous research has identified loneliness as an issue associated with being an informal caregiver, there is a paucity of evidence that attempts to understand this phenomenon in depth. This study aimed to examine informal caregivers' reflections on, and accounts of, experiences of loneliness linked to their caregiving situation. As part of a cross-sectional, qualitative study, sixteen semi-structured interviews were conducted with 8 spousal caregivers, 4 daughters caring for a parent, 3 mothers caring for a child (or children), and 1 woman looking after her partner. The cared-for persons were suffering from a range of mental and physical health conditions (e.g., dementia, frailty due to old age, multiple sclerosis, depression, autism). Data were analyzed using an inductive thematic analysis. Experiences of loneliness were described by reference to a context of shrunken personal space and diminished social interaction caused by the restrictions imposed by the caregiving role. Loneliness was also articulated against a background of relational deprivations and losses as well as sentiments of powerlessness, helplessness, and a sense of sole responsibility. Social encounters were also seen to generate loneliness when they were characterized by some form of distancing. Though not all sources or circumstances of loneliness in caregivers are amenable to change, more opportunities for respite care services, as well as a heightened sensibility and social appreciation of caregivers' valued contributions could help caregivers manage some forms of loneliness.
Description: This is an Open Access Article. It is published by Frontiers Media under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licence (CC BY). Full details of this licence are available at: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Sponsor: This study is part of a larger research project, titled Loneliness in the Digital Age (LiDA): Developing Strategies for Empathy and Trust (grant number: ES/M003558/1). LiDA is financially supported from the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) “Empathy and Trust in Communicating Online” (EMoTICON) program, with funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC), the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC), the Defence Science and Technology Laboratory (Dstl), and the Centre for the Protection of National Infrastructure (CPNI).
Version: Published
DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00585
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/25594
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00585
ISSN: 1664-1078
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (English and Drama)

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