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Title: Risk factors for possible dementia using the Hopkins verbal learning test and the mini-mental state examination in Shanghai
Authors: Xu, Xin
Xiao, Shifu
Rahardjo, T.B.
Hogervorst, Eef
Keywords: Prevalence
Risk factors
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: © the Authors. Published by MDPI AG
Citation: XU, X. ...et al., 2015. Risk factors for possible dementia using the Hopkins verbal learning test and the mini-mental state examination in Shangha. Diagnostics, 5(4), pp. 487-496.
Abstract: Using a combination of the Hopkins Verbal Learning Test (HVLT) and the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), we investigated the prevalence of possible dementia (DEM) in community-dwelling elderly in Shanghai. Subsequently, we investigated significant risk factors for DEM and generated a DEM self-checklist for early DEM detection and case management. We found that among a total of 521 participants using a HVLT cut-off score of <19 and a MMSE cut-off score of <24, a total of 69 DEM cases were identified. Risk factors, such as advanced age (≥68 years), low education (no or primary level), self-reported history of hypertension, and self-reported subjective memory complaints (SMC) were significantly predictive of DEM. The presence of ≥3 out of four of the above mentioned risk factors can effectively discriminate DEM cases from non-DEM subjects.
Description: This is an Open Access Article. It is published by MDPI AG under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported Licence (CC BY). Full details of this licence are available at: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Version: Published
DOI: 10.3390/diagnostics5040487
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/25617
Publisher Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics5040487
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences)

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