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Title: Motivational processes in the coach-athlete relationship: a multi-cultural self-determination approach
Authors: Jowett, Sophia
Adie, James W.
Bartholomew, Kimberley J.
Yang, Sophie Xin
Gustafsson, Henrik
Lopez-Jimenez, Alicia
Keywords: Coach-athlete relationships
Basic psychological needs
Optimal functioning
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: © Elsevier
Citation: JOWETT, S. ... et al, 2017. Motivational processes in the coach-athlete relationship: a multi-cultural self-determination approach. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 32, pp.143-152.
Abstract: Objective Grounded in self-determination theory, the present study examined the cultural invariance of a model that hypothesized sport performers' well-being will be predicted by both their perceptions of motivation and the quality of the relationship held with their coach. Method Participants (N = 756), originating from five countries (British, Chinese, Greek, Spanish, and Swedish), completed a questionnaire that measured perceived coach-athlete relationship quality, basic psychological need satisfaction, self-determined motivation, and well-being. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was employed to analyze the data. Results Analysis revealed that athletes who perceived a high quality relationship experienced heightened levels of basic need satisfaction. Need satisfaction positively predicted self-determined motivation, which, in turn, linked to enhanced well-being. Moreover, mediation analyses supported the explanatory roles of need satisfaction and self-determined motivation within the model. Lastly, multi-sample SEM invariance testing revealed the model to be largely invariant across cultures. Conclusions The results support the universal application of self-determination theory and the central role interpersonal relationships play in promoting well-being.
Description: This paper was accepted for publication in the journal Psychology of Sport and Exercise and the definitive published version is available at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2017.06.004
Version: Accepted for publication
DOI: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2017.06.004
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/26581
Publisher Link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2017.06.004
ISSN: 1469-0292
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences)

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