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|Title: ||Motivational processes in the coach-athlete relationship: a multi-cultural self-determination approach|
|Authors: ||Jowett, Sophia|
Adie, James W.
Bartholomew, Kimberley J.
Yang, Sophie Xin
|Keywords: ||Coach-athlete relationships|
Basic psychological needs
|Issue Date: ||2017|
|Publisher: ||© Elsevier|
|Citation: ||JOWETT, S. ... et al, 2017. Motivational processes in the coach-athlete relationship: a multi-cultural self-determination approach. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 32, pp.143-152.|
|Abstract: ||Objective Grounded in self-determination theory, the present study examined the cultural invariance of a model that hypothesized sport performers' well-being will be predicted by both their perceptions of motivation and the quality of the relationship held with their coach. Method Participants (N = 756), originating from five countries (British, Chinese, Greek, Spanish, and Swedish), completed a questionnaire that measured perceived coach-athlete relationship quality, basic psychological need satisfaction, self-determined motivation, and well-being. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was employed to analyze the data. Results Analysis revealed that athletes who perceived a high quality relationship experienced heightened levels of basic need satisfaction. Need satisfaction positively predicted self-determined motivation, which, in turn, linked to enhanced well-being. Moreover, mediation analyses supported the explanatory roles of need satisfaction and self-determined motivation within the model. Lastly, multi-sample SEM invariance testing revealed the model to be largely invariant across cultures. Conclusions The results support the universal application of self-determination theory and the central role interpersonal relationships play in promoting well-being.|
|Description: ||This paper is closed access until 17th December 2018.|
|Version: ||Accepted for publication|
|Publisher Link: ||https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2017.06.004|
|Appears in Collections:||Closed Access (Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences)|
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