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|Title: ||Effects of self-paced interval and continuous training on health markers in women|
|Authors: ||Connolly, Luke J.|
Bailey, Stephen J.
Jones, Andrew M.
|Keywords: ||Cardiovascular health|
Self-paced exercise training
|Issue Date: ||2017|
|Publisher: ||© The Authors. Published by Springer Verlag|
|Citation: ||CONNOLLY, L.J. ...et al., 2017. Effects of self-paced interval and continuous training on health markers in women. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 117 (11), pp. 2281–2293.|
|Abstract: ||Purpose To compare the effects of self-paced high-intensity interval and continuous cycle training on health markers in premenopausal women.
Methods Forty-five inactive females were randomised to a high-intensity interval training (HIIT; n = 15), continuous training (CT; n = 15) or an inactive control (CON; n = 15) group. HIIT performed 5 × 5 min sets comprising repetitions of 30-s low-, 20-s moderate- and 10-s high-intensity cycling with 2 min rest between sets. CT completed 50 min of continuous cycling. Training was completed self-paced, 3 times weekly for 12 weeks.
Results Peak oxygen uptake (16 ± 8 and 21 ± 12%), resting heart rate (HR) (−5 ± 9 and −4 ± 7 bpm) and visual and verbal learning improved following HIIT and CT compared
to CON (P < 0.05). Total body mass (−0.7 ± 1.4 kg), submaximal walking HR (−3 ± 4 bpm) and verbal memory were enhanced following HIIT (P < 0.05), whereas mental well-being, systolic (−5 ± 6 mmHg) and mean arterial
(−3 ± 5 mmHg) blood pressures were improved following CT (P < 0.05). Participants reported similar levels of enjoyment following HIIT and CT, and there were no changes in fasting serum lipids, fasting blood [glucose] or [glucose]
during an oral glucose tolerance test following either HIIT or CT (P > 0.05). No outcome variable changed in the CON group (P > 0.05).
Conclusions Twelve weeks of self-paced HIIT and CT were similarly effective at improving cardiorespiratory fitness, resting HR and cognitive function in inactive premenopausal
women, whereas blood pressure, submaximal HR, well-being and body mass adaptations were training-typespecific. Both training methods improved established health markers, but the adaptations to HIIT were evoked for a lower
|Description: ||This is an Open Access Article. It is published by Springer under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported Licence (CC BY). Full details of this licence are available at: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/|
|Publisher Link: ||https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-017-3715-9|
|Appears in Collections:||Published Articles (Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences)|
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