BILGIC, A. and NASCIMENTO, D., 2014. Turkey’s new focus on Africa: causes and challenges. Oslo: NOREF.
NOREF policy brief;September 2014
Although Turkey had no past colonial involvement with African countries, there has been an
increasing revival of Turkey’s relation with the continent since the end of the 1990s, which
reached a peak after 2005. From then on, along with a focus on Central Asia, the Balkans and
the Middle East, Turkish foreign policy started shifting its focus to Africa, and as a new donor
country Turkey’s political and economic relations with sub-Saharan African countries have
intensified significantly. This policy brief analyses and discusses the main economic, political,
and strategic motivations behind these shifts and priorities, as well as some of the perceptions
and current challenges this change in policy faces.