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Title: The role of contextual information during skilled anticipation
Authors: Murphy, Colm P.
Jackson, Robin C.
Williams, A. Mark
Keywords: Expertise
Perceptual-cognitive skill
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: SAGE Publications © Experimental Psychology Society
Citation: MURPHY, C.P., JACKSON, R.C. and WILLIAMS, A.M., 2018. The role of contextual information during skilled anticipation. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 71(10), pp. 2070-2087.
Abstract: In dynamic, temporally-constrained tasks, individuals often need to anticipate what will happen next prior to information becoming available within the environment. In such situations, the availability of contextual information can facilitate anticipation, often in conjunction with postural information. While many researchers have identified the specific sources of postural information facilitating anticipation, few have investigated the specific sources of contextual information employed. In two experiments, we presented skilled and less-skilled tennis players with animations of rallies from real matches that omitted access to postural information from the opponent, constraining participants to anticipate based on contextual information alone. In Experiment 1, participants anticipated the outcome of an opponent’s shot under three conditions in which the sequence length (i.e., number of shots in a rally) preceding the same occluded shot was varied. Participants anticipated shot direction more accurately when the preceding shot sequence was presented than not. In Experiment 2, we presented animations that depicted the ball, the players, or both, in either dynamic or still form. Those conditions in which only the ball was depicted yielded the lowest response accuracy scores. It appears that information from the player and ball motion is required to provide the context under which skilled performers can consciously pick up and utilise information to anticipate more accurately than their less-skilled counterparts.
Description: MURPHY, C.P., JACKSON, R.C. and WILLIAMS, A.M., The role of contextual information during skilled anticipation, Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. Copyright © 2018 (Experimental Psychology Society). Reprinted by permission of SAGE Publications.
Version: Accepted for publication
DOI: 10.1177/1747021817739201
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/26770
Publisher Link: https://doi.org/10.1177/1747021817739201
ISSN: 1747-0218
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences)

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