BINNER,J.G.P., HUGHES, S. and SAMBROOK, R.M., 2004. Gel cast foam diesel particulate filters. Key Engineering Materials, 264-268, pp.2231-2234.
A new manufacturing route for foam ceramics based on gel casting has been developed and is being commercialised. Gel casting employs an organic monomer that is polymerised to cause the insitu gelation of a foamed aqueous ceramic slurry. The primary advantage is the inherent flexibility of the process; the foams can be near net shape manufactured in a variety of shapes and sizes and after production are simply dried and fired. In addition, the porosity and pore size distribution can be varied to suit the application and a wide range of ceramics can be foamed with densities ranging from 5-40% of theoretical. Applications are diverse and include the potential to be used as diesel particulate filters (DPF). The present work examines this and concludes that filtration efficiencies of ≥90% are achievable without generating a significant backpressure for the engine.