Two aspects of the lead acid battery have been researched in this work. The first investigates some of the
complex questions concerning the nature, composition and chemistry of lead sulphate membranes using
scanning electron microscopy (SEM), impedance spectroscopy (IS) and inorganic chemistry techniques.
A review of the literature on lead sulphate and precipitate impregnated membranes together with their
role in the lead acid battery is presented. [Continues.]
A Doctoral Thesis. Submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of Doctor of Philosophy at Loughborough University.