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Title: Reciprocal control in adaptive environments
Authors: Jaeger, Nils
Schnadelbach, Holger
Hale, Jonathan
Kirk, David
Glover, Kevin
Keywords: User studies
Laboratory experiments
Tangible interaction
Perceptual interfaces
Architecture (buildings)
Control
Embodiment
Adaptive environments
Interaction
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Oxford University Press on behalf of The British Computer Society. © The Author
Citation: JAEGER, N. ... et al, 2017. Reciprocal control in adaptive environments. Interacting with Computers, 29 (4), pp. 512-529.
Abstract: Computing has become an established part of the built environment augmenting it to become adap- tive. We generally assume that we control the adaptive environments we inhabit. Using an existing adaptive environment prototype, we conducted a controlled study testing how the reversal of control (where the environment attempts to influence the behaviour of the inhabitant) would affect participants. Most participants changed their respiratory behaviour in accordance with this environmental manipulation. Behavioural change occurred either consciously or unconsciously. We explain the two different paths leading participants to behavioural change: (i) we adapt the model of interbodily resonance, a process of bodily interaction observable between, for example, partners engaged in verbal dialogue, to describe the unconscious bodily response to subtle changes in the environment and (ii) we apply the model of secondary control, an adjustment of one’s own expectations to maintain the pretence of control, to describe conscious cognitive adaptation to the changing environment. We also discuss potential applications of our findings in therapeutic and other settings.
Description: This is an Open Access Article. It is published by Oxford University Press under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licence (CC BY). Full details of this licence are available at: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Sponsor: This work was supported by EPSRC Grants EP/P505658/1 and EP/M000877/1 as well as the University of Nottingham via the Nottingham Research Fellowship ‘The Built Environment as the Interface to Personal Data’.
Version: Published
DOI: 10.1093/iwc/iww037
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/27650
Publisher Link: https://doi.org/10.1093/iwc/iww037
ISSN: 0953-5438
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering)

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