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|Title: ||Safe access/egress systems for emergency ambulances|
|Authors: ||Hignett, Sue|
Jones, Anna L.
Rapid entire body assessment
Hierarchical task analysis
|Issue Date: ||2007|
|Publisher: ||© BMJ Publishing Group Ltd, and British Association for Accident and Emergency Medicine|
|Citation: ||HIGNETT, S. and JONES, A., 2007. Safe access/egress systems for emergency ambulances. Emergency Medicine Journal, 24, pp. 200-205.|
|Abstract: ||Objective: To comparatively evaluate the three most widely used ambulance stretcher loading systems; easiloader,
ramp/winch and tail lift to identify a preferred system based on safety and usability evidence.
Methods: Three data types were collected in the field, the laboratory and from a national questionnaire. Field
data were collected using the qualitative methods of observation (link analysis and hierarchical task analysis)
and interview (critical incident technique) over 12 months during 2004–5. Laboratory data were collected for
detailed postural analysis. A national ranking questionnaire was used to prioritise the resulting design issues.
Results: The field study data were analysed, triangulated and summarised in a taxonomy to identify the
design and operational issues. A list of 14 criteria was used in a national ranking exercise with 134
ambulance staff and manufacturers. Patient and operator safety was ranked as the highest priority, followed
by manual handling. The postural analysis found that the easi-loader system presented the highest postural
Conclusions: The tail lift was found to be the preferred and safest loading system from both the field and
laboratory research and is the recommended option from the evaluated loading systems.|
|Description: ||This article is Closed Access. The article was published in the journal, Emergency Medicine Journal [© BMJ Publishing Group Ltd, and British Association for Accident and Emergency Medicine] and is available at: http://emj.bmj.com/cgi/content/full/24/3/200|
|Sponsor: ||This study was funded by grants from Engineering and Physical
Science Research Council (EPSRC) Grant No: GR/S56 078/01.|
|Appears in Collections:||Closed Access (Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences)|
Closed Access (Design School)
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