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|Title: ||Intervention strategies to reduce musculoskeletal injuries associated with handling patients : a systematic review|
|Authors: ||Hignett, Sue|
|Issue Date: ||2003|
|Publisher: ||© BMJ Publishing Group|
|Citation: ||HIGNETT, S. (2003). Intervention strategies to reduce musculoskeletal injuries associated with handling patients : a systematic review. Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 60, e6.|
|Abstract: ||Aims: To report, analyse, and discuss the results of a systematic review looking at intervention
strategies to reduce the risk factors associated with patient handling activities.
Methods: A search strategy was devised to seek out research between 1960 and 2001. Inclusion/
exclusion criteria limited the entry of papers into the review process. A checklist was selected and
modified to include a wide range of study designs. Inter-rater reliability was established between six
reviewers before the main review process commenced. Each paper was read by two reviewers and
given a quality rating score, with any conflicts being resolved by a third reviewer. Papers were
grouped by category: multifactor, single factor, and technique training based interventions.
Results: A total of 2796 papers were found, of which 880 were appraised. Sixty three papers relating
to interventions are reported in this paper. The results are reported as summary statements with the
associated evidence level (strong, moderate, limited, or poor).
Conclusion: There is strong evidence that interventions predominantly based on technique training
have no impact on working practices or injury rates. Multifactor interventions, based on a risk assessment
programme, are most likely to be successful in reducing risk factors related to patient handling
activities. The seven most commonly used strategies are identified and it is suggested that these could
be used to form the basis of a generic intervention programme, with additional local priorities identified
through the risk assessment process. Health care providers should review their policies and procedures
in light of these findings.|
|Description: ||This article was published in the journal, Occupational and Environmental Medicine [© BMJ Publishing Group] and is available at: http://oem.bmj.com/cgi/content/full/60/9/e6|
|Appears in Collections:||Published Articles (Design School)|
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