Loughborough University
Leicestershire, UK
LE11 3TU
+44 (0)1509 263171
Loughborough University

Loughborough University Institutional Repository

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/27808

Title: When is working memory important for arithmetic? The impact of strategy and age
Authors: Cragg, Lucy
Richardson, Sophie
Hubber, Paula J.
Keeble, Sarah
Gilmore, Camilla K.
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Public Library of Science (PLoS) © Cragg et al.
Citation: CRAGG, L. ... et al, 2017. When is working memory important for arithmetic? The impact of strategy and age. PLoS ONE, 12 (12), e0188693.
Abstract: Our ability to perform arithmetic relies heavily on working memory, the manipulation and maintenance of information in mind. Previous research has found that in adults, procedural strategies, particularly counting, rely on working memory to a greater extent than retrieval strategies. During childhood there are changes in the types of strategies employed, as well as an increase in the accuracy and efficiency of strategy execution. As such it seems likely that the role of working memory in arithmetic may also change, however children and adults have never been directly compared. This study used traditional dual-task methodology, with the addition of a control load condition, to investigate the extent to which working memory requirements for different arithmetic strategies change with age between 9–11 years, 12–14 years and young adulthood. We showed that both children and adults employ working memory when solving arithmetic problems, no matter what strategy they choose. This study highlights the importance of considering working memory in understanding the difficulties that some children and adults have with mathematics, as well as the need to include working memory in theoretical models of mathematical cognition.
Description: This is an Open Access Article. It is published by PLoS under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licence (CC BY). Full details of this licence are available at: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Sponsor: This work was supported by the Economic and Social Research Council [Grant number RES-062-23-3280]. CG is funded by a Royal Society Dorothy Hodgkin Fellowship.
Version: Published
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0188693
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/27808
Publisher Link: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0188693
ISSN: 1932-6203
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Maths)

Files associated with this item:

File Description SizeFormat
journal.pone.0188693.pdfPublished version1.22 MBAdobe PDFView/Open


SFX Query

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.