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Title: Application of the sensor selection approach in polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell prognostics and health management
Authors: Mao, Lei
Davies, Benjamin
Jackson, Lisa M.
Keywords: PEM fuel cell
Sensor selection
Fault diagnosis
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: © 2017 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland
Citation: MAO, L., DAVIES, B. and JACKSON, L., 2017. Application of the sensor selection approach in polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell prognostics and health management. Energies, 10, 1511.
Abstract: In this paper, the sensor selection approach is investigated with the aim of using fewer sensors to provide reliable fuel cell diagnostic and prognostic results. The sensitivity of sensors is firstly calculated with a developed fuel cell model. With sensor sensitivities to different fuel cell failure modes, the available sensors can be ranked. A sensor selection algorithm is used in the analysis, which considers both sensor sensitivity to fuel cell performance and resistance to noise. The performance of the selected sensors in polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cell prognostics is also evaluated with an adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS), and results show that the fuel cell voltage can be predicted with good quality using the selected sensors. Furthermore, a fuel cell test is performed to investigate the effectiveness of selected sensors in fuel cell fault diagnosis. From the results, different fuel cell states can be distinguished with good quality using the selected sensors.
Description: This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Sponsor: This work is supported by grant EP/K02101X/1 for Loughborough University, Department of Aeronautical and Automotive Engineering from the UK Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC). Authors also acknowledge Intelligent Energy for its close collaboration in providing necessary information for the paper.
Version: Published
DOI: 10.3390/en10101511
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/27810
Publisher Link: https://doi.org/10.3390/en10101511
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Aeronautical and Automotive Engineering)

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