Most Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITSs) in the past have concentrated on
small domains and have been topic-oriented. They have tended to be non-extendable
prototypes and have neglected the expertise of human teachers.
It is argued here that a promising approach at this time is to design
course-oriented ITS shells which are based on the human teacher. Courses
using such shells could be used to take some of the load of first-time
delivery and assessment from teachers and lecturers, and leave them more
time for individual tutoring. [Continues.]
A Doctoral Thesis. Submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of Doctor of Philosophy at Loughborough University.