Physical infrastructure is required for health and security. Physical infrastructure also plays a
significant role in development and economic growth. It may be seen as the foundation on
which the expansion of agricultural production and subsequently industrial production takes
place. Both of these are required to generate sustainable economic growth to support social
welfare. This thesis examines methods of enabling low-income households and communities
in low-income ('developing') countries to benefit from physical infrastructure. [Continues.]
A Doctoral Thesis. Submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of Doctor of Philosophy at Loughborough University.