Research collaboration Academic partnerships University-industry University-business Knowledge transfer Knowledge management Practices Barriers Facilitators Ambiguity Absorptive capacity Cultural differences Goals Trust
DOLFSMA, W. ... et al, 2018. Knowledge transfer in university-industry research partnerships: a review. The Journal of Technology Transfer, In Press.
This paper identifies practices that can facilitate knowledge transfer in university-industry (U-I) research partnerships by systematically reviewing extant literature. We aim to contribute to the theoretical development in the field of academic engagement and propose that knowledge transfer provides a valuable perspective. We started our review with identifying barriers and facilitators of knowledge transfer. Extant literature identified knowledge differences and differences in goals resulting from different institutional cultures as important barriers to knowledge transfer. They result in ambiguity, problems with knowledge absorption and difficulties with the application of knowledge. Trust, communication, the use of intermediaries and experience are found as facilitators for knowledge transfer that help to resolve the identified barriers. Our analysis offers practical advice for the management of academic engagement. Finally, we identified questions for future research based on inconsistencies in extant research and open questions we identified in our analysis.
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