Low light level imaging devices have the advantage that
they can produce quantitative two dimensional images. The
characteristics, structure and operation of different low
light level imaging devices are discussed.
Cooled slow scanned charged coupled device (CCD) cameras
show good detector properties; very low dark noise; low
system noise; good spatial resolution; therefore seem
ideal for the detection and quantitation of luminogenic
A Doctoral Thesis. Submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of Doctor of Philosophy at Loughborough University.