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Title: Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS): A beginner’s guide for design and implementation
Authors: Thair, Hayley
Holloway, Amy L.
Newport, Roger
Smith, Alastair D.
Keywords: Transcranial direct current stimulation
Brain stimulation
Cortical modulation
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Frontiers Media © Thair, Holloway, Newport and Smith
Citation: THAIR, H. ... et al, 2017. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS): A beginner’s guide for design and implementation. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 11, Article 641.
Abstract: Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a popular brain stimulation method that is used to modulate cortical excitability, producing facilitatory or inhibitory effects upon a variety of behaviors. There is, however, a current lack of consensus between studies, with many results suggesting that polarity-specific effects are difficult to obtain. This article explores some of these differences and highlights the experimental parameters that may underlie their occurrence. We provide a general, practical snapshot of tDCS methodology, including what it is used for, how to use it, and considerations for designing an effective and safe experiment. Our aim is to equip researchers who are new to tDCS with the essential knowledge so that they can make informed and well-rounded decisions when designing and running successful experiments. By summarizing the varied approaches, stimulation parameters, and outcomes, this article should help inform future tDCS research in a variety of fields.
Description: This is an Open Access Article. It is published by Frontiers Media under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licence (CC BY). Full details of this licence are available at: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Sponsor: HT and AH were supported by a studentship from the Defence Science Technology Laboratory (DSTL), awarded to RN and AS respectively (DSTLX-1000083178).
Version: Published
DOI: 10.3389/fnins.2017.00641
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/28242
Publisher Link: https://doi.org/10.3389/fnins.2017.00641
ISSN: 1662-4548
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences)

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