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Title: Adolescent trajectories of aerobic fitness and adiposity as markers of cardiometabolic risk in adulthood
Authors: Jackowski, Stefan A.
Eisenmann, J.C.
Sherar, Lauren B.
Bailey, Donald A.
Baxter-Jones, Adam D.G.
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: © The Authors. Published by Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Citation: JACKOWSKI, S.A., 2017. Adolescent trajectories of aerobic fitness and adiposity as markers of cardiometabolic risk in adulthood. Journal of Obesity, 2017: 6471938.
Abstract: Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate whether adolescent growth trajectories of aerobic fitness and adiposity were associated with mid-adulthood cardiometabolic risk (CMR). Methods: Participants were drawn from the Saskatchewan Growth and Development Study (1963-1973). Adolescent growth trajectories for maximal aerobic capacity (absolute VO2 (AbsVO2)), skinfolds (SF), representing total body (Sum6SF) and central adiposity (TrunkSF), and body mass index (BMI) were determined from 7 to 17 years of age. In mid-adulthood (40 to 50 years of age), 61 individuals (23 females) returned for follow-ups. A CMR score was calculated to group participants as displaying either high or a low CMR. Multilevel hierarchical models were constructed, comparing the adolescent growth trajectories of AbsVO2, Sum6SF, TrunkSF, and BMI between CMR groupings. Results: There were no significant differences in the adolescent development of AbsVO2, Sum6SF, TrunkSF, and BMI between adult CMR groupings (p > 0.05). Individuals with high CMR accrued 62% greater adjusted total body fat percentage from adolescence to adulthood (p=0.03). Conclusions: Growth trajectories of adolescent aerobic fitness and adiposity do not appear to be associated with mid-adulthood CMR. Individuals should be encouraged to participate in behaviours that promote healthy aerobic fitness and adiposity levels throughout life to reduce lifelong CMR.
Description: This is an Open Access Article. It is published by Hindawi under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported Licence (CC BY). Full details of this licence are available at: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Sponsor: This study was supported by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (ROP-85582).
Version: Published
DOI: 10.1155/2017/6471938
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/28341
Publisher Link: https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/6471938
ISSN: 2090-0708
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences)

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