Loughborough University
Leicestershire, UK
LE11 3TU
+44 (0)1509 263171
Loughborough University

Loughborough University Institutional Repository

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/28379

Title: Modes of climate variability and associated bird communities in India
Authors: Mehta, A.
Wilby, Robert L.
Keywords: India
Species richness
Statistical analysis
Climate variability
ENSO
IOD
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Wiley
Citation: MEHTA, A. and WILBY, R.L., 2018. Modes of climate variability and associated bird communities in India. Area, In Press.
Abstract: Birds are sensitive to climate variability and change. This pilot study explores variations in bird communities in India under contrasting phases of the El NinoSouthern Oscillation (ENSO) and Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD). Statistical analyses were performed using monthly bird data for the years 1990-2015 in Goa and Tamil Nadu. Monthly precipitation, temperature, the Oceanic Nino Index and the Dipole Mode Index were used as explanatory variables for species richness (SR) and counts of three marker species (Brahminy Kite, Indian Pond Heron and Lesser Whistling Duck). Due to highly autocorrelated series, small sample sizes and many test permutations there is greater likelihood of Type I errors when interpreting correlation results. However, pooling bird data by climate mode and state revealed that SR was generally greater under El Nino or negative IOD (locally wet conditions) than under La Nina or positive IOD (locally dry conditions). In Goa, the Brahminy Kite, Indian Pond Heron and Lesser Whistling Duck had significantly higher counts during El Nino than La Nina events. In Tamil Nadu, there were significantly more Kites under negative than positive IOD phases. Regional variations in sensitivity may reflect species-dependent factors such as food availability and security of nesting sites. Further research is needed to establish causal mechanisms between climate mode and SR as well as into the combined effects of ENSO and IOD on bird communities across South Asia.
Description: This paper is closed access until 24 months after publication.
Version: Accepted for publication
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/28379
Publisher Link: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1475-4762
ISSN: 0004-0894
Appears in Collections:Closed Access (Geography)

Files associated with this item:

File Description SizeFormat
Mehta & Wilby - India bird populations and climate variability R2.pdfAccepted version239.14 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

 

SFX Query

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.