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Title: Correlation of acoustic emissions with patterns of movement in an extremely slow moving landslide at Peace River, Alberta, Canada
Authors: Berg, Nancy
Smith, Alister
Russell, Shawn
Dixon, Neil
Proudfoot, Don
Take, Andrew
Keywords: Landslide
Acoustic emission
Slope creep
Field monitoring
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: NRC Research Press (© The Authors)
Citation: BERG, N. ... et al, 2018. Correlation of acoustic emissions with patterns of movement in an extremely slow moving landslide at Peace River, Alberta, Canada. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 55(10), pp. 1475-1488.
Abstract: The Peace River region, Alberta, Canada, has experienced extensive landslide activity since deglaciation. Shear zones within weak lacustrine silt and clay layers typically experience continuous creep, damaging highway and utilities infrastructure. However, occasionally, movement accelerates and potentially catastrophic failures occur. Conventional deformation monitoring approaches provide incremental measurements with low temporal resolution and do not necessarily allow rapid changes in stability to be detected and communicated sufficiently in advance to provide early warning. The study objectives were to: (i) acquire a long-term dataset of continuous deformation measurements with high temporal resolution of a case study slope in Peace River; (ii) enhance understanding of a typical creeping Peace River slope’s behavior in response to climatic drivers; and (iii) investigate the potential of an Acoustic Emission (AE) monitoring system to provide early warning of accelerating deformation behavior. ShapeAccelArray (SAA) and AE instruments were installed, in addition to conventional inclinometers and piezometers. Measurements show that the landslide is ‘extremely slow’, moving on average 5-mm annually, and reveal seasonal activity with periods of acceleration and deceleration driven by pore-water pressures. Measured AE correlated strongly with the rate and magnitude of SAA-measured displacement, demonstrating the potential of the AE technique to warn of accelerating behavior.
Description: This paper was published in the journal Canadian Geotechnical Journal and the definitive published version is available at https://doi.org/10.1139/cgj-2016-0668.
Sponsor: The authors gratefully acknowledge funding from the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council.The support provided by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EP/H007261, EP/D035325) and Loughborough University to Alister Smith and Neil Dixon is gratefully acknowledged.
Version: Accepted for publication
DOI: 10.1139/cgj-2016-0668
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/28454
Publisher Link: https://doi.org/10.1139/cgj-2016-0668
ISSN: 0008-3674
Appears in Collections:Published Articles (Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering)

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