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Title: A case study on reaching the poorest and vulnerable
Authors: Ahmed, Rokeya
Issue Date: 2006
Publisher: © WEDC, Loughborough University
Citation: AHMED, R., 2006. A case study on reaching the poorest and vulnerable. IN: Fisher, J. (ed). Sustainable development of water resources, water supply and environmental sanitation: Proceedings of the 32nd WEDC International Conference, Colombo, Sri Lanka, 13-17 November 2006, pp. 547-553.
Abstract: Bangladesh is the most densely populated country in South Asia. It has a population of 144 million, 21% living in urban centres. The rate of population increase has reduced from 2.5 in 1997 to 1.6 in 2001 while the urban population has increased from 6% in 1961 to 21% in 2001 of the total. The World Bank estimates the country population at 181 million by 2025 with 41% i.e. 73 million, living in the urban areas. Nearly half of the urban population will be living in slums and squatter settlements with little or no services. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics carried out Households Income and Expenditure Survey (HIES) in 2000 and the report has been published in 2003. The survey divided the poor people in two categories; absolute poor & hard core poor. HIES defines absolute poor as a person who consume less than 2122 k.cal/day, and hard core poor a person who consume less than 1805 k.cal/day. According to HIES 44.33% people are absolute poor & 19.98 % people are hardcore poor. In rural area hard-core poverty is sharply decreasing whereas in urban area, opposite picture is noticed in respect of absolute and hard core poverty situations. In 2004-2005 WaterAid Bangladesh carried out an independent base line survey. According to that 30.6% slum dwellers are hardcore poor and 44.5% are absolute poor.
Description: This is a conference paper.
Version: Published
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/28589
Appears in Collections:WEDC 32nd International Conference

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