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|Title: ||Practical institutional support|
|Authors: ||Ikin, Derrick Owen|
|Issue Date: ||2001|
|Publisher: ||© WEDC, Loughborough University|
|Citation: ||IKIN, D.O., 2001. Practical institutional support. IN: Scott, R. (ed). People and systems for water, sanitation and health: Proceedings of the 27th WEDC International Conference, Lusaka, Zambia, 20-24 August 2001, pp. 106-109.|
|Abstract: ||Mozambique covers 700,000 SQ. KM. and has a population
of 16m. The 1995 national water policy set the stage
for the present water and sanitation sector. Estimates for
coverage are 30% for urban water and 40% for sanitation.
Rural water coverage is said to be 35% and rural sanitation
coverage 25%. In some cases non-functioning systems are
The central player in the water sector is the National
Directorate for Water (DNA) within the Ministry of Public
Works and Housing. Mozambique has moved from civil
war to peace and democracy. The sector has moved from
non-sustainable emergency water projects to serious efforts
towards sustainable systems. The DNA has changed its role
from project design and implementation to policymaking,
strategic planning, facilitation and regulation. Recent laws
provide a legal base for new concepts that include privatisation
and community participation. New water accords
are being forged with neighbouring countries, setting the
stage for minimising future conflicts.
Major projects have been started such as the privatisation
of 5 cities and a demand-based rural project in Inhambane.
The long- and short-term challenges are to increase coverage
in a sustainable way. The process of change and its
concomitant internal and external resistance play a role in
modifying the actions taken as well as blocking muchneeded
improvements. The first steps have been taken
despite the constraints.
The opinions on the DNA as an institution range from it
being a dynamic organisation, to being a stumbling bureaucratic
state apparatus. The truth probably lies between
these two extremes.|
|Description: ||This is a conference paper.|
|Appears in Collections:||WEDC 27th International Conference|
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