ZWANE, N., 2009. Application of integrated water resources management in a local earthdam (Makhondvolwane) in Swaziland. IN: Shaw, R.J. (ed). Water, sanitation and hygiene - Sustainable development and multisectoral approaches: Proceedings of the 34th WEDC International Conference, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 18-22 May 2009, 5p.p.
Makhondvolwane community is situated in the heart of the lowveld with rural type of livelihood blessed
with an improperly managed Makhondvolwane (Mvutjini) reservoir. The dam was intended to supply
water to a 100ha farm within the vicinity and for livestock watering. Since water in this region is scarce
64% households depended on the dam water for basic household use. With the irrigation scheme
dysfunctional for over 7 years and water increasingly used for domestic needs there were concerns on the
economic value and potential danger from livestock and boat riders with uncontrolled access and 50% of
homesteads close to the dam without toilet facilities. It was therefore necessary to have a plan for
development of the area facilitated by multisector
stakeholders with emphasis on local stakeholder
participation. Geographic Information System (GIS) tools were employed during the situation analysis
and a plan for effective development of the reservoir and surrounding areas was developed.