MPAPA, M., 1997. The need for creating sanitation awareness. IN: Pickford, J. et al. (eds). Water and sanitation for all - Partnerships and innovations: Proceedings of the 23rd WEDC International Conference, Durban, South Africa, 1-5 September 1997, pp.74-75.
Up to 21 million South Africans do not have access to safe and adequate sanitation facilities. Up to 60 percent of them live in rural areas. This backlog in the provision is not
accidental. It is a result of years of neglect and misallocation of resources in the past. The cost in terms of the deterioration of health of rural communities can be seen in the high
infant mortality rate. Economically the cost of medicine and time used in the care of those affected is enormous/
incalculable. The problem has been so widespread over a very long period, that it has come to be seen to be normal.