TINDIMUGAYA, C., 2005. Groundwater resources management in urban areas of Uganda: experiences and challenges. IN: Kayaga, S. (ed). Maximising the benefits from water and environmental sanitation: Proceedings of the 31st WEDC International Conference, Kampala, Uganda, 31 October-4 November 2005, pp. 311-313.
Groundwater development for urban water supply has been ongoing since early 1990. In some urban areas however,
groundwater is heavily abstracted resulting in lowering of groundwater levels and sometimes competitive pumping between
water sources. The lack of sewerage systems in urban areas has also lead to construction of onsite sanitation systems
in form of septic tanks and pit latrines, which have caused contamination of groundwater resources in many areas. Protection
of groundwater in terms of quality and quantity is therefore needed to control overexploitation and pollution of
groundwater. This requires undertaking studies to resolve key practical groundwater management questions in order to
guide optimum groundwater development and determination of groundwater protections zones around boreholes in fractured
rocks. Furthermore, an institutional framework for groundwater resources management combined with an adequate
awareness raising programme on water resources management are required to enable the water users actively participate
in groundwater management and protection.