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|Title: ||Groundwater quality, sanitation and vulnerable groups: case study of Bawku East District|
|Authors: ||Tiimub, Benjamin M.|
Forson, Michael A.
|Issue Date: ||2008|
|Publisher: ||© WEDC, Loughborough University|
|Citation: ||TIIMUB, B.M. ... et al, 2008. Groundwater quality, sanitation and vulnerable groups: case study of Bawku East District. IN: Jones, H. (ed). Access to sanitation and safe water - Global partnerships and local actions: Proceedings of the 33rd WEDC International Conference, Accra, Ghana, 7-11 April 2008, pp. 93-96.|
|Abstract: ||The effect of human hygienic behaviour on the quality of groundwater was investigated using standard
methods for trace elements and bacteria pollution indicators in Bawku East District of Ghana in 2006. No
iron was detected in water; manganese levels were higher in wells than boreholes and fluoride levels exceeded
the WHO standard (1.5mg/l) by 0.5-1.0mg/l in one well and a borehole at Bawku. Typical bacteria
numbers deviated from normal trends (i.e.1014, 1011, 108, and 104 for total coliforms, faecal coliforms, E. coli
and enterococci in the well water compared to 106, 105, 103 and 102 in the boreholes respectively). The six
UNICEF boreholes were within the WHO guideline of zero helminthes (100-1 ml) but the wells were not.
Hence, quality of the boreholes was higher than the wells for drinking purposes.|
|Description: ||This is a conference paper.|
|Appears in Collections:||WEDC 33rd International Conference|
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