SENGUPTA, C., 2001. Our challenge: latrine for all. IN: Scott, R. (ed). People and systems for water, sanitation and health: Proceedings of the 27th WEDC International Conference, Lusaka, Zambia, 20-24 August 2001, pp. 203-206.
The decade of the eighties started yielding remarkable
results to the concerted endeavour taken in the field of
water supply since the three preceding decades. However,
progress in the area of desirable sanitary and hygiene
practices were still slow. In fact the coverage of households
by sanitary latrines was only about 9.5% at the national
level according to the reports of the Census of India in
1991. The corresponding figure for the State of West
Bengal was 12.3%. Subsequent to limited access to household
latrines and lack of hygiene knowledge, the health
indicators depicted were causing concern. The U5 mortality
in rural West Bengal was 93.3 and 60% children born
in the rural areas had low birth weight (National Family
and Health Survey- 1993).