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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/30654

Title: A novel sanitation model based on EcoSan philosophy
Authors: Tare, Vinod
Balasundaram, Karthik
Mehrotra, Amit
Issue Date: 2009
Publisher: © WEDC, Loughborough University
Citation: TARE, V. ... et al, 2009. A novel sanitation model based on EcoSan philosophy. IN: Shaw, R.J. (ed). Water, sanitation and hygiene - Sustainable development and multisectoral approaches: Proceedings of the 34th WEDC International Conference, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 18-22 May 2009, 5p.p.
Abstract: Zero Discharge Toilet System (ZDTS) which incorporates EcoSan philosophy and the advantages of water flushed system has been described in this paper. The system uses a solidliquid separator and a thin flat filter which enables recycling for flushing the toilet pan and separate collection of urine and fecal slurry. Inorganic liquid or solid fertilizer is obtained by concentrating the liquid residue. The solid residues containing around 2 % solids are first processed using activated composting and finally polished to obtain quality organic manure using vermicomposting. The quality of product is much superior as indicated by higher water holding capacity and much lower total carbon, volatile solids, coliforms and C/N ratio. The zero discharge toilets are well accepted among users. The residues generated per person are about 1/5 th as compared to conventional toilet system. ZDTS has lower capital cost and higher NPV as compared to conventional wastewater treatment system.
Description: This is a conference paper.
Version: Published
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/30654
Appears in Collections:WEDC 34th International Conference

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