MUNGARA, C.G., 2008. Shame, humiliation and hazard: tribulations of the girl child in Kenya. IN: Jones, H. (ed). Access to sanitation and safe water - Global partnerships and local actions: Proceedings of the 33rd WEDC International Conference, Accra, Ghana, 7-11 April 2008, pp. 54-57.
I have approached my presentation as a lamentation by a girl appropriately name ‘Hope’. This lamentation
involves actual experiences that were told to me by girls and women in Northern Eastern Kenya recently
when I was engaged in the EU-UNICEF project on Sustainable Water Management and Governance for the
Poor in Drought and Flood-prone areas. Hope talks of the poor water and sanitation facilities in schools
in Kenya. She explains how girls miss classes to fetch water or simply because they are menstruating and
cannot afford sanitary pads. Through her two sisters-one deceased and the other dying of HIV-AIDS, Hope
also narrates the hazards that a girl child is exposed to and the humiliation of having to wait until night fall to
go to the toilet. Lastly Hope sets out possible solutions that she views as appropriate in the circumstances.