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Title: Evaluation of household drinking water filter distribution programmes in Haiti
Authors: Rayner, Justine
Murray, A.
Branz, A.
Joseph, M.
Lantagne, Daniele
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: © WEDC, Loughborough University
Citation: RAYNER, J. ... et al, 2016. Evaluation of household drinking water filter distribution programmes in Haiti. IN: Shaw, R.J. (ed). Ensuring availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all: Proceedings of the 39th WEDC International Conference, Kumasi, Ghana, 11-15 July 2016, Briefing paper 2462, 5pp.
Abstract: Household water treatment can reduce diarrhoeal disease in populations without safe water access. We evaluated five programmes that distributed biosand, ceramic, or Sawyer household water filters in Haiti after the 2010 earthquake. We conducted household surveys, collected water samples, and tested water quality at ~50 houses from each programme. Across programmes, self-reported filter use ranged from 27-78%; confirmed use (met reported use and showed the filter with water in it) ranged from 20-76%; and, effective use (stored water quality was improved to international guideline values using the filter) ranged from 0-54%. More successful programmes: 1) distributed an effective technology; 2) provided safe storage; 3) required cash investment; 4) provided initial training; 5) provided follow-up; 6) provided supply-chain access; 7) targeted households relying on contaminated water sources; and, 8) had experience working in the local context. These findings suggest that well implemented programmes can result in sustained filter use in Haiti.
Description: This is a conference paper.
Version: Published
URI: https://dspace.lboro.ac.uk/2134/31376
Appears in Collections:WEDC 39th International Conference

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