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|Title: ||Sanitary aspects of groundwater supplies in Ghana|
|Authors: ||Amuzu, Anthony T.|
|Issue Date: ||1993|
|Publisher: ||© WEDC, Loughborough University|
|Citation: ||AMUZU, A.T., 1993. Sanitary aspects of groundwater supplies in Ghana. IN: Pickford, J. et al. (eds). Water, sanitation, environment and development: Proceedings of the 19th WEDC International Conference, Accra, Ghana, 6-10 September 1993, pp.291-292.|
|Abstract: ||In the past few years, government and several Nongovernmental Organizations (NGOs) have carried out major borehole drilling projects in the rural areas of Ghana to increase water supply coverage which is as low as 50%, presently.
Although the quality of groundwater in the country is generally good and usable for most domestic, municipal and industrial purposes, recent evidence has, however, shown that human activities have caused contamination of aquifers in some areas. These activities include the indiscriminate disposal of refuse and human wastes around dwellings and the injudicious siting of gardens around well fields. Leachate from these diffuse sources probably, therefore, constitutes the most important source of pollution of groundwaters in the rural areas of the country. The concern here is that groundwaters, once contaminated, are not easily restored as the source of contamination may not be easily traced because of the complexity of flow of groundwaters in the fissures of the Basement Complex Rocks. Insanitary well-head conditions resulting from poor drainage and the scouring of storage containers and drinking utensils with dirt are also some of the secondary causes of contamination of the groundwater supplies. Several measures have been evolved to eliminate the contamination problem and these are discussed in this paper.|
|Description: ||This is a conference paper.|
|Appears in Collections:||WEDC 19th International Conference|
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