SHARMA, R.K., 2008. WATSAN in partnership with NGOs and communities of Nepal. IN: Jones, H. (ed). Access to sanitation and safe water - Global partnerships and local actions: Proceedings of the 33rd WEDC International Conference, Accra, Ghana, 7-11 April 2008, pp. 88-92.
The Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Fund Development Board (The Board) has been implementing WATSAN
schemes in Nepal since March 14, 1996 under assistance from World Bank/IDA and DFID. The Board
delivers Demand Driven Community based water supply and sanitation projects to promote cost effective and
sustainable services to the rural people of Nepal. Under the Board fund presently 165 NGOs partner together
with local communities in 71 districts of Nepal to deliver safe water and sanitation services. Communities in
the four phased project cycle spend twelve months for health and sanitation knowledge, practices and also
develop fourteen community actions plans (CAP) to graduate their scheme for construction. Health KAP base
line and Impact studies has shown that in 90 percent of houses people practice hand washing during critical
juncture. Study on Total Sanitation in randomly selected 241 completed projects showed that 33 percent are
in total sanitation status and 40 percent fall under 75-95 percent advanced towards ‘no open defecation
practice’. The Board has significant contribution in MDG and National Plan in WATSAN sector.