University funding system Higher education Teaching quality Research quality Research elite
This paper addresses the following question: how does a higher education funding system influence the trade-off that universities make between reasearch and teaching? We do so by constructing a general model that allows universities to choose actively the quality of their teaching and research when faced with different funding systems. In particular, we derive the feasible sets that face universities under such schemes and show how, as the parameters of the systems are varied, the nature of the university system itself changes. The "culture" of the university system thus becomes endogenous. This makes the model useful for the analysis of reforms in funding and also for international comparisons.