The accuracy of planning and estimating of earthmoving operations in any highway
construction is important for both successful tendering and high profit margins. Mass-haul
diagrams and experienced engineering judgement together with deterministic
methods have been the key factors in planning and estimating earthmoving operations.
Despite this, the limited use of Mass-haul diagrams and inaccuracy of deterministic
estimates are well known. Although Stochastic and Linear Programming methods were
developed to overcome some of these limitations, those available hitherto are relatively
fundamental and are not bold enough to incorporate most real-life problems. [Continues.]
A doctoral thesis submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of Doctor of Philosophy at Loughborough University.
Great Britain, Overseas Development Administration.